About 20-30% of all pregnancies in India are high risk. This means both the mother and the baby are at increased chances of health problems. It includes preterm delivery, high blood pressure, breech position, miscarriage and poor birth weight. This is when you will require specialized help from the best gynecologist hospital in Bangalore. The specialists will diagnose and treat the issues which are critical parts of the care process. The good news is that prenatal care and support can reduce risks. It can take the stress off your shoulder and ensure a safe, healthy and full-term delivery.
But it is vital to learn about the factors that lead to these complications. It becomes easier to take precautions like altering your lifestyle, managing maternal health issues or planning the baby at an early stage. Take a look at what can contribute to a risky pregnancy.
Ø Maternal Age
Age plays a major role in determining pregnancy health. Mothers who are 35 and above have high risks of gestational diabetes, preeclampsia, reproductive abnormalities and intrauterine growth restrictions. They can be fatal if not treated medically on time. You can also face excessive bleeding, prolonged labour, genetic disorders and ectopic pregnancy.
Teenage pregnancy can lead to anaemia, high blood pressure and STIs. Premature rupture of membranes, systematic infections and puerperal endometritis are also common. These occur due to underdeveloped pelvis and nutritional deficiencies.
Ø Pre-Existing Conditions
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), kidney and thyroid disease, asthma, uterine fibroid and autoimmune disease can make you susceptible to pregnancy complications. Work closely with a healthcare provider to reduce the risks of a high-risk pregnancy. They will suggest additional treatment, management techniques, medications and at-home care. Frequent visits to the clinics and consultations can keep you in a good shape.
Ø Lifestyle Changes
Obesity, alcohol and tobacco consumption, forgetting prenatal supplements and missing doctor’s appointments can contribute to a risky pregnancy. Try to make smart choices for your baby and take control of your lifestyle. Follow a healthy diet and maintain the right weight according to your BMI. Reduce and slowly stop drinking altogether. Otherwise, you could be increasing the risks of Alcohol Spectrum Disorder. Smoking on the other hand can cause birth defects and low birth weight. Further, try to take iron, folic acid and calcium supplements before conception. This can reduce multiple health risks for the baby.
Ø Mental Health
Depression has been reported to cause miscarriage, preterm birth and low birth weight. It can also lead to post-partum depression if left untreated. This often lasts for months to come and deteriorates your physical health. Anxiety leads to small head circumference for the baby. This can impact brain size. Earlier gestational age is another common side effect. High levels of mental stress could cause heart issues and blood pressure.
In short, being mentally disturbed can have a profound impact on the baby. Get plenty of sleep, exercise often, consider breathing techniques and ensure a well-balanced diet. These are proven techniques to keep you happy and relaxed.
High-risk pregnancy can be easily detected via ultrasounds, blood tests and urinalysis. Look for signs like discharge, unconsciousness and pelvis pain. Visit the doctor immediately.
Also, Read – What is the Difference Between PCOD vs PCOS?