A vaccine is made with inactive parts of an antigen. When the vaccine is administered to a child, the antigen in it triggers an immune response in the kid’s body. This mimics the first reaction to the actual pathogen. In this way, the body develops the memory of the pathogen and gets trained to fight the organism whenever exposed to it in the future.
There are various compulsory vaccines for children in India. In the current scenario, your little one needs a COVID-19 vaccine on the dates to be declared by the Government. Besides, here is a list of vaccines that your kid must receive on time, preferably from the best maternity hospital.
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Mandatory Vaccines for Children in India
- BCG: It’s called the Bacillus Calmette-Guérin vaccine. This vaccine helps children fight against tuberculosis.
- Hep A: It strengthens the immune system of children against Hepatitis A, a kind of contagious liver infection.
- Hep B: It immunises kids against another liver infection, Hepatitis B.
- OPV: It stands for oral poliovirus vaccine. This vaccine helps protect kids against the infection, poliomyelitis caused by the poliovirus. It may come in 1, 2 or all the 3 serotypes of the live attenuated strains of this virus.
- Hib: It helps protect children against bacterial meningitis caused by the bacteria, Haemophilus influenzae type B.
- IPV: It’s the inactivated poliovirus vaccine that immunises children against poliomyelitis.
- PCV: Called the pneumococcal conjugate vaccine, it strengthens the immunity power of kids to combat pneumococcal diseases like pneumonia.
- DTP: It helps protect kids against the three diseases, diphtheria, tetanus and pertussis. DTwP is administered for whole-cell pertussis and DTaP for acellular pertussis.
- Rota: It helps children combat the infection, diphtheria caused by rotavirus.
- TCV: Known as the typhoid conjugate vaccine, it helps protect children against typhoid fever.
- MMR: This vaccine helps kids combat the three infections, measles, mumps and rubella.
- Varicella vaccine: It improves the immune system of kids against chickenpox, and that’s why also called the chickenpox vaccine.
- HPV: This vaccine immunises girls against vaginal, vulvar and cervical cancers and some infections caused by human papillomavirus.
- Tdap/Td: The Tdap helps kids fight against the diseases, tetanus, diphtheria and acellular pertussis. The Td vaccine immunises children to combat tetanus and diphtheria.
- Influenza vaccine: It enhances the immunity power of children to fight against influenza (flu).
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Schedule of Vaccines for Children in India
- At birth: BCG, Hep-B1, OPV
- 6 weeks: Hep-B2, Hib-1, IPV-1, PCV-1, DTP-1, Rota-1
- 10 weeks: Hep-B3, Hib-2, IPV-2, PCV-2, DTP-2, Rota-2
- 14 weeks: Hep-B4, Hib-3, IPV-3, PCV-3, DTP-3, Rota-3
- 6 months: Influenza 1
- 7 months: Influenza 2
- 6–9 months: TCV
- 9 months: MMR-1
- 12 months: Hep-A1
- 12–15 months: PCV Booster
- 15 months: MMR-2, Varicella vaccine
- 16–18 months: Hib-B1, IPV-B1, DTP
- 18–19 months: Hep-A2, Varicella 2
- 4–6 years: IPV-B2, DTP, MMR-3
- 9–15 years (for girls): HPV (two doses)
- 10–12 years: Tdap/Td
- 2nd, 3rd, 4th and 5th years: Influenza Vaccine
Ensure that your child receives all the doses of every compulsory vaccine on time. For that, consider visiting the best maternity hospital near you.
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