5 Reasons for a Hysterectomy

5 Reasons for a Hysterectomy

There is a common surgical procedure in which many women go through treatment for various health conditions specifically concerned with a female reproductive system called hysterectomy. This is done by uterus removal. There are different procedures for different types of reproductive systems that depend on the nature of the condition.

Common Reasons for Hysterectomy

  1. Uterine Fibroids – The non-cancerous growth in the wall of the uterine is called uterine fibroids. The tumours of fibroid may grow quite large and may put pressure on the pelvic organs. Heavy bleeding or severe pelvic pain can be experienced by women who have uterine fibroids. 
  2. Gynaecological Cancer – In few cases of precancer or gynaecological cancer, a hysterectomy can be the best treatment as suggested by the surgeon in the women’s hospital. This includes ovarian cancer, uterine cancer, cancer of the uterine lining, cervical cancer. The different treatments are radiation and chemotherapy, and the type of treatment will depend upon the examination of the seriousness of the disease.
  3. Uterine Prolapse – When the uterus is displaced and slips into the vagina, the condition of uterine prolapse occurs. This type of situation is found among women who have given birth multiple times. This is also a common and problematic situation for women who are obese and postmenopausal women. This condition can cause pelvic pain or pressure, or urinary or bowel issues.
  4. Abnormal Bleeding – Prolonged or heavy bleeding can be dangerous if it is caused due to infection, hormone imbalance, cancer, or fibroids. Hysterectomy works when all the other treatment options fail.
  5. Endometriosis – When the tissue that lines the wall of the uterus starts to grow outside, then it is called a situation of endometriosis. This can be in the pelvic cavity, fallopian tube or ovaries, or on the outer surface of the uterus. Due to this growth of the tissue, bleeding is caused in menstrual periods.

This can also lead to intense pain, which can also interfere with the daily routine of life. The condition becomes quite chronic and does have a cure. In the most severe cases, a hysterectomy is recommended.

Types of Hysterectomy

There are four types of hysterectomy that are performed based on the condition of the women.

  1. Total Hysterectomy – This type of hysterectomy is the most common, and the whole uterus removal takes place as the cervix is also removed. The ovaries are kept in place and nothing is done to them.
  2. Hysterectomy With Oophorectomy – This also includes removal entire uterus and also one or both of the ovaries in females. The process of removal of the ovary is called oophorectomy and when both the ovaries are removed, and then it is termed as bilateral oophorectomy.
  3. Radical Hysterectomy – In this, the removal of uterus along with cervix, a vaginal top portion and the tissue that surrounds the cervix in the pelvic activity takes place.
  4. Supracervical Hysterectomy – This is also known as a subtotal or partial hysterectomy because in this, the uterus is removed, keeping the cervix intact.

It is necessary for a patient to contact a surgeon promptly to carry out the surgical procedure without delay.

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