ICSI: An overview for beginners

ICSI: An overview for beginners

When discussing infertility and its treatment, the most popular one is IVF (In Vitro Fertilization). But, IVF is a treatment designed for females. Like IVF, there is a treatment option for males too, called ICSI, and one can opt for it at most fertility centers in Bangalore.

What does ICSI really mean?

ICSI is a scientific method of reproduction that involves a single sperm directly injected into the egg for fertilization. This procedure is mostly opted for at fertility centers in cases of severe male infertility or when an IVF treatment hasn’t shown results.

How does ICSI work?

There are two ways an egg can be fertilized by IVF: ICSI and traditional. In the traditional method, around 50,000 or more swimming sperms are placed next to the egg in a laboratory dish. Fertilization happens when one of the sperm enters the cytoplasm of the egg. In ICSI, a tiny needle, also called a micropipette, is used to inject a single sperm into the center of the egg. In both the methods, once fertilization occurs, the fertilized egg (which can now be called an embryo) grows in the laboratory for 1-5 days before being transferred to the uterus.

When do doctors in Bangalore Recommend ICSI?

During the process of natural conception, the hardiest sperm (or the sperm with the highest ATP concentration) manages to break through the membrane of an egg, fertilizing it. The weaker sperms fail to make it.

The Following male infertility factors may call for ICSI treatment:

  • Poor sperm motility
  • Low sperm count
  • Previously unsuccessful IVF procedure
  • Reduced ability of sperm to penetrate into the egg

Risks Associated with ICSI

Although ICSI infertility treatment offers couples in Bangalore a chance to experience the joy of parenthood, there are some risks which can come along with it.

At times, rare genetic problems can be carried by the sperm and get passed on to the child.

There is also an increased chance of experiencing multiple deliveries, which could lead to the following complications:

  • Cesarean section or premature labor 
  • Low amniotic fluid levels 
  • High blood pressure
  • Gestational diabetes

It is best to discuss ICSI benefits and risks with a specialist as it may vary from person to person. The advice offered by the doctor will be based on the study of your personal fertility history.

The success rate of ICSI

The rate of success usually depends on what is causing infertility. The age and health of the eggs matter. The more eggs produced, the higher will be the success rate of pregnancy. The rate of success is highest for women below the age of 34. The rate can drop by nearly 10% after a woman crosses the age of 38. After 40, the success rate drops to 22%. Conventional IVF methods available at fertility centers generally increase the success rate of ICSI treatment.

As a patient, remember to follow the doctor’s advice and maintain open and effective communication with the doctor to avoid risks and complications. Hundreds of infertile couples have benefitted from ICSI, and with the right guidance, you could be one of them too. 

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