Pelvic Organ Prolapse – Symptoms and Causes

Pelvic Organ Prolapse – Symptoms and Causes

Pelvic Organ Prolapse (POP) is a common health condition that affects approximately 30% of the women between 20 and 59 years of age, according to a study published by the National Center for Biotechnology Information.


The best gynecologist hospital in Bangalore can treat POP and it can be completely wiped out with timely intervention. For that, it is crucial to be aware of the symptoms and causes of this condition.

Symptoms of Pelvic Organ Prolapse

The first sign of a prolapse is a bulge on the vagina. This is caused when the ligaments holding the pelvic organs weaken and the organs drop lower in the pelvis. The bulge can be seen and felt quite significantly. This does not pose any health risk as such but can be quite uncomfortable.

Other signs include pressure in the pelvic zone, troublesome urination, pain in the lower back, continuous constipation, a feeling of fullness and discomfort in the pelvic area, difficulty in inserting condoms and tampons, uncomfortable bowel movements, bleeding from the vagina and urine leakage.

All the symptoms depend on the organs that drop. For example, in case of the bladder, urine might leak, while constipation might occur in case of rectum shift.

Causes of Pelvic Organ Prolapse

POP can occur due to anything that exerts pressure on the pelvic floor. Risk factors include:

  1. Aging

About 37% women suffering from POP are in between 60 and 79 years. Women aged 80 and above have the highest chance of being affected.

  • Natural Childbirth

Pregnancy, labour and vaginal childbirth are common causes of POP. Birthing can put a strain on the pelvic area. The chances are higher in case of multiple births. However, you can also be affected if you have gone through C-section or never had a child.

  • Genetics

Family history can play a role when it comes to pelvic organ prolapse.

4.      Straining

Excessive body fat, particularly in the abdomen area, puts pressure on the pelvic region. Apart from this, continuous coughing and excessive pushing during bowel movements can affect the area.

5.      Lack of Estrogen 

Women tend to experience a drop in the hormone estrogen during and after menopause. This is one of the main causes of pelvic organ prolapse.

Apart from these, pelvic organ cancer and hysterectomy can also lead to the disorder.

How to Prevent Pelvic Organ Prolapse
While certain factors are completely out of our control, some measures can reduce the likelihood of the disease. In case you are overweight, try to follow a strict, low fat diet. Avoid anything that can induce chronic coughing, like smoking. Try not to overlook constipation and treat it as quickly as possible. Lastly, try to exercise daily to strengthen the muscles.

Doctors can diagnose a pelvic disorder through ultrasound, MRI scans and urinary tract X-rays. Make sure you visit the best gynecologist hospital in Bangalore for treatment and care.

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