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5 Symptoms of Endometriosis Women Should Know Of

Endometriosis can be extremely painful, both emotionally and physically, while almost 30% to 50% women affected by the ailment being at risk of infertility. In fact, one in 10 women are affected by endometriosis during their reproductive age, says an article by India Today. The best course of action is to get endometriosis treatmentas early as possible. For this, you need to know the common symptoms of the disease.

Common Signs of Endometriosis

Here are the most common signs that you need to seek treatment.

Menstrual Cramps

Menstrual pain is a common occurrence in women, but if the pain is extremely intense, you might have endometriosis. They are often called “killer cramps” because they can disrupt your daily routine completely. The endometrium grows out of the uterus and gets attached to other body parts. This worsens the normal menstrual cramps to a great extent.

Painful Intercourse

Two thirds of all women affected by endometriosis have reported difficulties during sexual intercourse. The most common problem is extreme pain during and after intercourse. The pain ranges from deep to mild, depending on the level of penetration. The endometrial tissue can grow anywhere – behind the vagina, around the uterus or in the fallopian tubes. Penetration irritates these tissues, which causes discomfort.

Excessive Menstrual Bleeding

Heavy bleeding, with and without clots, during and in between the menstrual cycle might be an indication of endometriosis. It might also be a sign of endometrial cancer. You might also start bleeding way before your due date and bleed longer than usual. This happen because just as the uterine lining bleeds during menstruation, so do the endometrial tissues.


In advanced cases of endometriosis, the fallopian tubes are scarred and blocked by endometrial tissue, which forms outside the uterus. This tissue also causes inflammation, which can cause chronic pain in the pelvis. Apart from this, the hormonal environment required for healthy egg growth is altered, the ovaries could be damaged, the egg quality might dip and the rate of embryo implantation in the uterus could decline. All these factors contribute to infertility.

Abnormal Bowel Movements

Bowel symptoms are common in people who suffer from endometriosis. Some women even have endometriosis directly on their bowels. Many areas in and around the affected area might also get inflamed. Prostaglandins are released from the endometrial tissues, which increase the contractility of the bowels. This causes severe diarrhea or intestinal pain. Apart from bowel infection, diarrhea, rectal bleeding, constipation and bloating, particularly during menstruation, are indications that you might have endometriosis.

If you are experiencing one or more of these conditions, it is time to consult a doctor. The first step is to use tools like the Endometrial Receptivity Array to diagnose the problem and decide on the best endometriosis treatment or any other procedure required to improve chances of pregnancy.

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